The Augustan Age. The eighteenth century in English literature has been called the Augustan Age, the Neoclassical Age, and the Age of Reason. The term 'the Augustan Age' comes from the self-conscious imitation of the original Augustan writers, Virgil and Horace, by many of the writers of the period. The literature of the early eighteenth-century—especially that of Pope, Swift, Addison and Steele—which looked back to the Rome of Caesar Augustus ( Augustan literature (sometimes referred to misleadingly as Georgian literature) is a style of British literature produced during the reigns of Queen Anne, King George I, and George II in the first half of the 18th century and ending in the s, with the deaths of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift, in and , ‎Historical context · ‎Prose · ‎Poetry · ‎Drama.


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However, if Pope had few rivals, he had many enemies.


His technical perfection did not shelter him from augustan literature, philosophical, or religious opponents, and Pope himself was quarrelsome in print.

His very technical superiority led Pope to augustan literature improvements in his editing and translation of other authors.

augustan literature However, Pope and his enemies often called "the Dunces" because of Pope's successful satirizing of them in The Dunciad of and fought over central matters of the proper subject matter for poetry and the proper pose of the poetic voice, and the excesses and missteps, as much as the achievements, of both sides demonstrated the stakes of the battle.

Pope's Pastorals were of the four seasons. When they appeared, Thomas Tickella member of the "Little Senate" of Addison's see above at Button's Coffee-shop, wrote an evaluation in Guardian that praised Ambrose Philips's pastorals above Pope's.

Pope replied by writing in Guardian with a mock praise of Philips's Patorals that heaped scorn augustan literature them.

Pope quoted Philips's worst lines, mocked his execution, augustan literature delighted in pointing out his empty lines.

Philips responded by putting a staff in the augustan literature of Button's with which to beat Pope, should he appear. InPope explained his theory of the pastoral in the Discourse on Pastoral Poetry.

Augustan Age | Poetry Foundation

He argued that any depictions of shepherds and their mistresses in the pastoral must not be updated shepherds, that they must be icons of the Golden Age: Philips's Pastorals were not particularly awful poems, but they did reflect his desire to "update" the pastoral[ citation needed ].

InPhilips would update poetry again by writing a series of odes dedicated to "all ages and characters, from Walpole, the steerer of the realm, to Miss Pulteney in the augustan literature.

Henry Carey was one of the best at satirizing these poems, and his Namby Pamby became a hugely augustan literature obliteration of Philips and Philips's endeavor. What is notable about Philips against Pope, however, is not so much the particular poems and their answers as the fact that both poets were adapting the pastoral and the ode, both altering it.

Pope's insistence upon a Golden Age pastoral no less than Philips's desire to update it meant making a political statement.

  • The Augustan Age
  • An introduction to Augustan literature from
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  • Augustan literature, an introduction

While it is easy to see in Ambrose Philips an effort augustan literature modernist triumph, it is no less the case that Pope's artificially restricted pastoral augustan literature a statement of what the ideal based on an older Feudal arrangement should be.

Gay's gentle satire was a contrast with the harsher Pope and Swift. The Scribbleran Club wrote poetry as well as prose, and the club included among its number John Gaywho was not only a friend and collaborator of Pope's, but also one of the major voices of the era.

augustan literature

Augustan literature - Wikipedia

Alexander Pope 21 May — 30 Maypoet Jonathan Swift 30 November — 19 Octoberessayist The era also saw the development of the novel by authors such as: Features of the Augustan period The dominant tone Wit and intellectual conceits shaped the tone of much Augustan writing following on from the clever arguments of the metaphysical poets.

Satire augustan literature already been a feature of Restoration literature, prior to the Augustan era, but at that time it was more augustan literature due to threat of prosecution for defamation.

In the eighteenth century, satire and parody were more widely used across the spectrum of prose, poetry and dramatic works. Poets augustan literature bantered and argued augustan literature what should be the proper modes of poetic expression, and which topics were worthy of the art form.

One such debate was about the role of the pastoralfor example.