The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a management tool to minimize adverse impacts of developmental projects on the environment. However, not much research has been undertaken on the func- tioning of the EIA system in India. It is hard to ï¬ nd reference researchunplanned developments. Jump to The EIA Process - Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is a formal process used to predict the environmental consequences of any development project. Environment Impact Assessment in India is statutory backed by the Environment Protection Act in , which contains various provisions on EIA methodology and process.


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MoEF continues to regulate larger scale Category A projects. These are bodies of experts that review the impact assessment made by regulatory authorities.

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This takes the responsibility of such hearing away from the project proponents. Public hearing is a platform where public can express and record their project grievances.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Process in India | PocketLawyer

The aim of these changes was to make the appraisal process simple and transparent, without eia in india political purpose. Submit an application to the project authority.


Appraisal Committees test the impact of the project on the surrounding eia in india. Public Hearing Rationale behind EIA EIA looks into various problems, conflicts and natural resource constraints which may not only affect the viability of a project but also predict if a project might harm to the people, their land, livelihoods and environment.

Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) in India - Arthapedia

Once these potential harmful impacts are predicted, the EIA process identifies the measures to minimize those impacts. Thus, the objective of the EIA is to: Identify eia in india environmental, social and economic impacts of a project prior to taking a decision on its implementation. Mitigation of harmful impacts and maximizes the beneficial effects.

Once the assessment is complete, the EIA eia in india are communicated to all stakeholders viz. On the basis of the conclusion of EIA process, the government can decide if a project should be given environment clearance or not.

The developers and investors can also shape the project in such a way that its harms can be mitigated and benefits can be maximized.

EIA Manual | Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India

The role of EIA process was formally recognized at the Earth Summit in Rio Conference in in which the Rio declaration stated that EIA shall be taken as national instrument for proposed projects which might adversely impact the environment. Till s, almost all projects were implemented with little or no environment concerns in India.

The Department of Environment came into existence in s. Before that the matters related to environment eia in india forests were within the purview of Department of Science and Technology and Agriculture respectively.

The department of environment was upgraded to a full-fledged ministry in EIA is a planning eia in india that is now generally accepted as an eia in india component of sound decision-making. Ministry had issued sectoral guidelines some time ago.

Environment Impact Assessment in India

The Notification is issued under relevant provisions of the Environment Protection Act, In some eia in india, executive summary is translated into local language.

Involvement of expert with expertise in different areas.


Preparation of EIA is done by consultants. Poor review or monitoring.

In India too, EIA review is not upto the marks. The International Association for Impact Assessment AIA and other organisations demonstrate that there are a large number of individuals with the capability to design, conduct, eia in india and evaluate EIAs from countries of the North.

The major portion of teaching about environmental assessment also takes place in industrial countries.

The expertise in EIA is slowly developing.