Veja grátis o arquivo Introdução à ética filosófica I enviado para a disciplina de Ética Categoria: Provas - Ética general (6a. ed.).: EUNSA,. p articles, among them Ética General and Cultura Política y Conciencia Cristiana. .. Antonio Rodríguez Luño, Ética General, 5th ed., Eunsa, Pamplona , pp. EUNSA. Pamplona, pp. GONZÁLEZ, A. M., “Principios de ética general: bien, acción, razón”, Cuadernos de la materia Ética, , pp.
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Younger students will appreciate the clarity of the chapters, and more trained readers the detailed and accurate bibliographical references that each of them offers.
Students in philosophy and in legal theory will greatly benefit etica general eunsa this book. The more restrictive law authorizes or favours abortion in certain cases; thus it must be considered a seriously unjust law, without authentic juridical validity cf.
However, it might be objected—in the legislative etica general eunsa, doesn't our lawmaker formally cooperate with the more restrictive law, which is still a law that is evil?
As seen above, Evangelium vitae excludes at the minimum any illicit cooperation, that is to say, formal cooperation or unjustified material cooperation.
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It remains to understand why this is so. It is thus clear that the solution given in Evangelium vitae 73 etica general eunsa based on a judgment concerning the moral object of the act by which the lawmaker gives his support to the more restrictive law, always under the conditions mentioned above.
The moral object of the lawmaker's act is the elimination of all the unjust aspects of the prior law which here and now he is able to eliminate, without etica general eunsa becoming the cause of the retention of the other unjust elements, which he neither wants nor accepts, but which he is unable to eliminate cf.
Considerazioni filosofiche, in J.
Ética general (eBook, ) 
Il caso delle "leggi imperfette" [Bologna: Edizioni Studio Domenicano, ], Finnis correctly explains that the real meaning of the action of a member of a legislative body can only be understood in the light of the procedural context and the existing legal situation: But legislation of the kind: The decision to support the proposed law a is substantially different from the decision to support proposed law b.
Indeed, that which is decided—the object of the deliberation of supporting the proposed law—is different in the two cases. In case a it consists in supporting the permission of abortion, in case b it consists in supporting the prohibition of abortion, or at least all abortions which the lawmaker at that moment has the opportunity to prohibit" .
That which is made etica general eunsa direct object of his will is that which he is able to do—eliminate part of the unjust provisions of the law, something which is undoubtedly good—and not what is beyond his power: Ad impossibilia nemo tenetur: Utrum electio sit solum possibilium; etica general eunsa also In decem libros Ethicorum Aristotelis ad Nicomachum Expositio, lib.
No one is responsible for things which are impossible to prevent. In the situation described, the moral liceity of the lawmaker's action is not based on the notion that it would be etica general eunsa possible to make oneself responsible for a etica general eunsa number of abortions in order to avoid a larger number an idea that some erroneously call the theory of the lesser evilbut on the fact that the lawmaker is not morally responsible for any intrinsic disorder, because nothing which is intrinsically disordered is willed by him.
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The object of his will is the elimination of as much injustice as he is able to eliminate. This is a good which has no further need of justification. In synthesis, the nature and the sole authentic meaning of the lawmaker's action is that etica general eunsa is the partial repeal of an unjust law, always under the condition that it is partial solely etica general eunsa total repeal is not possible.
Certainly a law remains, which, while more restrictive, is still unjust.
But the persons responsible for this injustice are those who supported it, thinking that it etica general eunsa right, and who make it impossible for the lawmaker who respects human life to obtain the total exclusion of direct abortion.
The evil, both greater and "lesser", is done by others, those whose program the lawmaker was unable to thwart.
The lawmaker eliminates the evil elements of the law to the degree possible and this limitation of evil is the only thing which etica general eunsa wants etica general eunsa which he does. By his action, he limits the evil done by others, but the remaining lesser evil is done by others, not by the lawmaker mentioned in Evangelium vitae The methodology is mainly theoretical and includes readings and critical discussions.
In this case, the three-dimensional framework on ethical theories appears explicitly and implicitly throughout the course and in its presentation.