In India, this started in in the form of centralized and macro-level economic planning; a multi level decentralized planning developed later. When micro level planning is envisaged the above said Gand- be defined as micro level planning4. After Gandhi, in India and in other Asian and African. The concept of microlevel planning is operationalized in India through special programmes involving allocation of specified funds over given sectors, space and.
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It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. We have no references for this item. But it was felt in the mean while that this type of centralized planning process is not at all conductive to optimum utilization of plan resources.
Thus in order micro level planning in india get a better response, the Planning Commission of India introduced the decentralized planning since the Seventh Plan. Although in most of the states of India, the decentralized planning was extended to district level but in some small states like Assam, West Bengal etc.
Accordingly, in order to conduct the planning activities at the sub-divisional level, the sub-division Planning micro level planning in india Development Council was formed at a every sub-division in some of the states with the public representative from the different levels.
This council is preparing various developmental plans for agriculture, irrigation, elementary education, road building, social afforestation fishery, industrialisation, and community development etc. This council is entrusted to submit the required estimates of developmental works of different departments and then prepare and implement sub-divisional plan as per the approved outlay.
Some Issues in Microlevel Planning Based on Experience of Action Research in India
Decentralized planning or micro level planning is very much important in India, where majority of population live in rural areas.
These type of planning raises the involvement of the people in implementing the plan.
Besides, decentralized planning is being prepared keeping in view local problems and on the basis of local resources potential. Thus under the present economic scenario, the decentralized planning is considered as the core strategy in respect of planning for economic development.
Micro Level Economic Planning: Its Significance and Objectives
Objectives of Decentralized Planning: Micro-planning is essentially a spatial development planning which tends to utilise all kinds of available resources — natural, micro level planning in india and others to the fullest extent.
It attempts to distribute the fruits of development among regions and social groups within the region, micro level planning in india can minimise the socio-economic imbalances and improve the living conditions of the masses. Micro-planning as a development strategy got some importance out of a realisation that general planning done at the national level does not automatically ensure its applicability at local levels, for each area has its own personality, potentiality and needs.
A successful plan, therefore, must be sensitive to these micro-level variations, while taking into account the limitations posed by national priorities, resources and investment of funds.
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- What is the meaning of Micro-Planning? – Explained!
Since the very beginning of Indian planning emphasis has been given on promoting a better standard of living of the people by efficient exploitation of resources of the country, increasing production and offering opportunities to all for employment in the services of the community within an ideology deeply rooted in the concept of democracy and socialism.
That has resulted in mass rural poverty, unemployment and underemployment, and social tension particularly among the weaker sections of rural population, and ultimately brought into being regional disparity and sectoral imbalances.
The first two Five- Year Plans of Micro level planning in india made no effort in the direction of micro level planning in india or regional planning and development.