There is no inherent potential for a Holocaust in modern, rational, society. Rather, With the publication of Modernity and the Holocaust, Zygmunt Bauman drew. Modernity and the Holocaust [Zygmunt Bauman] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A new afterword to this edition, The Duty to. Encuentra Modernity and the Holocaust de Zygmunt Bauman (ISBN: ) en Amazon. Envíos gratis a partir de 19€.
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He demonstrates, rather, that we must understand the modernity and the holocaust of the Holocaust as deeply rooted in the very nature of modern society and in the central categories of modern social thought. Modernity and the Holocaust "A stunningly original set of reflections on racism, extermination, rationality, individual responsibility in criminal societies, and the sources of obedience and resistance.
Above all, to those who still hold faith with the notions of civilization, progress, and reason, this book modernity and the holocaust sit alongside others which have challenged fundamental beliefs of our time.
And even harder to kill others.
Modernity and the Holocaust
Thus, there needs to be a mechanism which allows people to overcome this modernity and the holocaust moral abhorrence of killing and violence. In this section, ZB Zigmunt Bauman discusses the process of moral distancing that allows people to commit the kind of crimes described in the book.
He starts by pointing out that Eichmann one of the architects of the Holocaust strategy defended himself by saying the deeds committed would have been praised if the Germans had won, and were condemned only because they had lost.
That is, that moral modernity and the holocaust are arbitrary and contextual. He uses this point to lead in the discussion that most people who acted in the Holocaust were 'normal' people, doing what was 'normal' in very abnormal conditions.
He then identifies three conditions that erode moral inhibitions: Modernity and the holocaust a bureaucratic system, the inner organizational rules provide the moral context. What is 'right' is following orders, and good bureaucrats do not worry about the substantive content of the order - that is what the superior is supposed to do.
Consider the feelings of Ohlendorf, a German commander, he said "I do not think I am in a position to judge whether his measures were moral or immoral I surrender my moral conscience to the fact I was a soldier, and there a cog in a relatively low position of a great machine.
Authority serves to distance people from each other, and makes it easier to people to let go of the moral responsibility they would otherwise use this is part of the reason that people were not encouraged to kill at will - they were only supposed to act on orders. Routinization takes the 'choice' part out of a situation where a moral choice should normally be made.
By modernity and the holocaust the same thing, over and over again, one is able to act without thinking. Habit and routine kick in, and one does not have to face a moral choice at every point.
Dehumanization is a process of moving a person from outside an actor's "moral universe". Bauman argues that we have a set of people for whom moral laws apply, if a person is renamed and reframed such that they don't fit in that universe i.
modernity and the holocaust
They were constantly put into a position of making a best of two bad choices select 35 for the train, or we will kill 50 here now. We will follow up on this in detail in the next chapters.
These effects make modernity and the holocaust person invisible morally. He gives three such processes: In a rationalized organization, each person gives an order and takes an order, thus someone else carries out what you say, and what you do is a result of someone else's decision.
The second, making the victims invisible, refers first to the physical process of making people hard to see as people. Armies do this by killing at greater distances from knives, to guns, to modernity and the holocaust, to bombs, to missiles - thus allowing at each further remove the ability to see people as people less and less.
Modernity and the Holocaust: part1
They do this by changing the clothing and appearance of the victim naked and starved, they don't look like people - at modernity and the holocaust not like the people who the killer recognizes as people. Refer to them with a non-human name epithets, slurs, especially names that refer to things people want to kill like bugs, lice, vermin.
All of which make it easier to consider the person an 'other' - something that is not human. Moral consequences of a Civilization process ZB points out to commonly assumed elements of the 'civilizing process' see Norbert Elias, "The Civilizing Process" for some of this.
First, there is modernity and the holocaust every increasing suppression of the irrational instead, we do everything for a reason.