NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY. Policy was placed before the parliament. It was adopted by the government of India on 15th Feb. This post is pursuant to the discussion on population stabilization being held in Parliament currently. India is the second most populous country. The National Health Policy, stated that replacement levels of total fertility rate (TFR) should be achieved by the year On 11 May, India is projected to have 1 billion 3 ( crore) people, i.e. 16 percent of the World's population on percent of the globe's land area.


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Implicitly, the government believed that India could repeat the experience of the developed nations where industrialization and national population policy india rise in the standard of living had been accompanied by a drop in the population growth rate.

In the s, existing hospitals and health care facilities made birth control information available, but there was no aggressive effort to encourage the use of contraceptives and limitation of family size.

National Population Policy of India

By the late s, many policy makers believed that the high rate of population growth was the greatest obstacle to economic development. The national population policy india began a massive program to lower the birth rate from forty-one per 1, to national population policy india target of twenty to twenty-five per 1, by the mids.

The National Population Policy adopted in reflected the growing consensus among policy makers that family planning would enjoy only limited success unless it was part of an integrated program aimed at improving the general welfare of the population.

The policy makers assumed that excessive family size was part and parcel of poverty and had to be dealt with as integral to a general development strategy.

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Cases of government-enforced sterilization made many question the propriety of state-sponsored birth control measures, however.

During the s, national population policy india increased number of family planning programs were implemented through the state governments with financial assistance from the central government.

In rural areas, the programs were further extended through a network of primary health centers and subcenters. ByIndia had more thanpublic health facilities through which family planning programs were offered see Health Care, this ch.

Another program involved the reorganization of primary health care facilities in urban slum areas, while another project reserved a specified number of national population policy india beds for tubal ligature operations.

The final program called for the renovation or national population policy india of intrauterine device IUD rooms in rural family welfare centers attached to primary health care facilities.

It had increased to Empirical correlations suggest that high IMR leads to greater desire for children.

Level of education Fertility usually declines with increase in education levels of women. Other socio-economic factors The desire for larger families particularly preference for a male child also leads to higher birth rates.

Government initiatives The National Population Policy gave a focused approach to the problem of population stabilization.

Following the policy, the government also enacted the Constitution 84th Amendment Act, This Amendment extended the freeze on the state-wise allocation of seats in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha to national population policy india National Population Policy of India!

India being a national population policy india populated country, the government has continuously paid attention to the problem of population growth.

National Population Policy | National Portal of India

Just a few months before national population policy india attainment of independence inthe Bhore Committee submitted its Report, which became the basis for developing a national population policy.

This was followed by the launch of the Family Planning Programme incoinciding with the launch of the nationwide Community Development Programme.


The policy wants to build up capacities and to achieve certain population goals by so that by a stable population is reached.