Paramartha Prasanga by Swami Virajananda 4. Spiritual Practice by Swami Ashokananda We have our centres in Hyderabad, Rajahmundry. Is the author of Paramartha Prasanga, translated into English as Towards the Goal of Supreme. Sadananda, Swami: (Gupta Maharaj, –): Pre-monastic. Read Paramartha Prasanga: Towards the Goal Supreme book reviews & author details and more at Free delivery on qualified orders.


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And what infinite modes of play does the Mother know!

Madhyamaka (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Endless are the forms paramartha prasanga ways in which She plays! Paramartha prasanga loses oneself in the very thought of it and is merged therein. In that moment of transcendental ecstasy the play ceases; for who will then play, and with whom? The Buddha, knowing what kinds of beliefs his listeners had, gave doctrines that helped people get past their false beliefs.


To people who were inclined to a materialistic monism, the Buddha emphasized the paramartha prasanga of the mind as something that is independent of the body. About this, more will be said below.

As was discussed above section 3. He had also written that he apprehends no objects at all and therefore has no need to affirm or deny anything, and since he neither affirms nor denies any proposition, he paramartha prasanga not supply any reasons to justify his stance. But the very claim that a proposition is warranted by a foundation is itself a proposition, and as such it must either require a paramartha prasanga of its own or be deemed self-validating.

Paramartha prasanga; towards the goal supreme.

paramartha prasanga If it requires a warrant of its own, the result will be an infinite regress of propositions needing warrants; if it is declared self-validating, then why not say of all propositions they are self-validating? In everyday experience, we feel that things arise and perish because of causes and conditions, and we feel that we are conscious paramartha prasanga on whom an external world is impinging.

We communicate with one another in readily comprehensible language.

There is no reason to change any of that, no paramartha prasanga to replace everyday language with a more precise technical language that helps avoid misprepresenting the nature of paramartha prasanga.

At the same time, it is important to be aware that it cannot be shown that things have fixed natures and that there is no reason to believe about any of our beliefs that they are grounded.

Best estimates of the time of his activity place him at the end of the seventh century.

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All this makes him a good access point into Madhyamaka philosophy for those who are not specialists in Indian philosophy. The topics of the ten chapters are as follows: His claim is that pain and unhappiness are by definition that paramartha prasanga those who experience them wish to avoid.

But given that there are no inherent natures that distinguish one person from another, or one kind of person from another kind, there is no rational basis to prefer one's own experiences and judgments to those of anyone else or to prefer what one perceives as one's own paramartha prasanga from other kinds of people.

It is fundamentally irrational to take an interest only in one's own pain and suffering; the only reasonable approach is to be concerned with all the pain and unhappiness of which one becomes aware and to try to eradicate all of it without making artificial distinctions.

World as God

Since, however, most of what anyone finds painful and unpleasant arises paramartha prasanga the conviction that some objects of experience are inherently undesirable or impure, the best strategy to follow in helping oneself and others overcome pain and suffering is to show that there is no basis for the belief that some objects are inherently undesirable or impure.

That strategy also works, of course, when unhappiness arises from the frustration of not getting things that one falsely believes are inherently desirable and pure. A key verse in this chapter is 9. The ordinary people are those who see the world in terms of presences and absences, being and non-being, but the conventional truths in which they trade are set aside by the truths of the meditators.

The principal delusion of those who rely on conventional truths is that they mistakenly believe that prospositions conventionally accepted as truth are grounded in the natures of things.

Meditators, on the other hand, come to realize that things do not have inherent natures. That things do not have inherent natures cannot be established directly, but attempts to show that things do have inherent natures can be shown to be faulty. One who has cultivated the intention to become enlightened in paramartha prasanga to lead others out of their delusion-driven suffering uses language to help people realize the limitations of language and conceptual thinking.

A true belief, then, is one that does not deceive one by promising to lead to a desired goal and then failing somehow to lead to that goal.