One of the most famous and prolific inventors of all time, Thomas Alva Edison exerted a tremendous influence on modern life, contributing inventions such as the. Photo: Thomas A. Edison in his lab, Thomas Alva Edison was the most prolific inventor in American history. He amassed a record 1, patents covering. People often say Edison was a genius. He answered, "Genius is hard work, stick-to-it-iveness, and common sense." Thomas Alva Edison was.
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Inthe North American Phonograph Co.
InEdison started the National Phonograph Co. Over the years, Edison made improvements to the phonograph and to the cylinders which were played on them, the early ones being made of wax.
Edison introduced an unbreakable cylinder record, thomas alva edison history the Blue Amberol, at roughly the same time he entered the disc phonograph market in The introduction of an Edison disc was in reaction to the overwhelming popularity of discs on the market in contrast to cylinders.
Touted as being thomas alva edison history to the competition's records, the Edison discs were designed to be played only on Edison phonographs, and were cut laterally as opposed to vertically.
The success of the Edison phonograph business, though, was always hampered by the company's reputation of choosing lower-quality recording acts. In the s, competition from radio caused business to sour, and the Edison disc business ceased production in Ore-milling and Cement Another Edison interest was an ore-milling process that thomas alva edison history extract various metals from ore.
Inhe formed the Edison Ore-Milling Co.
Inhe returned to the project, thinking that his process could help the mostly depleted Eastern mines compete with the Western ones. Inthomas alva edison history New Jersey and Pennsylvania Concentrating Works was formed, and Edison became absorbed by its operations and began to spend much time away from home at the mines in Ogdensburg, New Jersey.
Although he invested much money and time into this project, it proved unsuccessful when the market went down and additional sources of ore in the Midwest were found.
Edison also became involved in promoting the use of cement and formed the Edison Portland Cement Co. He tried to promote widespread use of cement for thomas alva edison history construction of low-cost homes and envisioned alternative uses for concrete in the manufacture of phonographs, furniture, refrigerators, and pianos.
Unfortunately, Edison was ahead of his time with these ideas, as widespread use of concrete proved economically unfeasible at that time. This machine used a circular disc with still photographs of the successive phases of movement around the circumference to recreate the illusion of movement.
Edison declined to work with Muybridge on the device and thomas alva edison history to work on his own motion picture camera thomas alva edison history his laboratory.
Although the phonograph and the electric light bulb are best known, perhaps his greatest invention was organized research.
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His father worked at different jobs, including as a shopkeeper and shingle maker; his mother was a former teacher.
Edison spent short periods of time in school but was mainly tutored by his mother.
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He also read books from his father's extensive library. Inusing a small printing press in thomas alva edison history baggage car, he wrote and printed the Grand Trunk Herald, which was circulated to four hundred railroad employees.
That year he became a telegraph operator, taught by the father of a child whose life Edison had saved. Excused from military service because of deafness, thomas alva edison history worked at different places before joining Western Union Telegraph Company in Boston in He also continued to read, becoming especially fond of the writings of British scientist Michael Faraday — on the subject of electricity.
First inventions Edison's first invention was probably an automatic telegraph repeaterwhich enabled telegraph signals to travel greater distances.
War of currents Main article: War of Currents Extravagant displays of electric lights quickly became a feature of public events, as in this picture from the Tennessee Centennial Exposition. As Edison expanded his direct current DC power delivery system, he received stiff competition from companies installing alternating current AC systems.
From the early thomas alva edison history AC arc lighting systems for streets and large spaces had been an expanding business in the US. With the development of transformers in Europe and by Westinghouse Electric in the US thomas alva edison history —, it became possible to transmit AC long distances over thinner and cheaper wires, and "step down" the voltage at the destination for distribution to users.